Industrial Ecology and Sustainability



Research in Industrial Ecology and Sustainability aims to improve urban sustainability, through the design of complex sustainable systems by understanding and modelling relationships between population dynamics, energy and materials’ usage, ecosystem services, environmental impacts of human activities, and economic growth.

Its final purpose is to deliver a holistic view of engineering systems, which require tools to bridge different scales, from site or product specific analysis, to the whole economy and ranging across the economic, social and environmental dimensions.

These tools are used to design and promote new policy instruments and sustainable materials and technologies that may improve the environmental performance of products and services through their life-cycles, as well as contribute to more efficient economic metabolisms at different scales.


Cooperation with industry and governments gives rise to innovations in sustainable buildings, in designing better sustainable energy systems, including intelligent transportation systems and ecosystem services.

To accomplish with these goals, we seek to:

LEIS Goals


The research agenda for the next few years permits a functional organization for the Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Sustainability, according to the research areas currently in our focus.

LEIS Organization

Currently, the Director of Industrial Ecology and Sustainability at IN+ is Professor Carlos Santos Silva.

He is supported by a team of Doctorate Researchers in each research area.


In terms of Infrastructures, Professor Fernanda Margarido is responsible for the Laboratory of Waste Processing and Management, where we focus on the recycling and revaluation of residues.

To learn more about the facilities available to our researchers, please consult Infrastructures.