Carlos holds a degree (1999), a MSc (2001) and a PhD (2005) in Mechanical Engineering from IST. His academic career started in 2004 as lecturer at Escola Náutica Infante D. Henrique (ENIDH), Department of Maritime Engines, Automation and Control Systems area.
In June 2008, he joined Instituto Superior Técnico as an invited assistant professor for Sustainable Energy Systems for the MIT Portugal Program, as the WS-Energia Industrial Chair in the Physics Department in 2012, and as an assistant professor at the Mechanical Engineering Department in 2015.
He worked in industry at the Neuro-Informatics Department of Siemens Corporate Technolgy, in Munich, Germany between 2001 and 2004 and as a project manager at the start-up Albatroz Engineering bwteen 2006 and 2008. He is a co-founder of WATT-IS since 2012. He is the author of 30 papers in peer-reviewed international journals in systems modeling and operations research and more than 80 communications in international conferences.