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     Annual Meeting and External Review 2014



The activities of the Centre are multidisciplinary, linking basic and applied research to technology development, and focused on the issues of sustainability and policy research, namely in terms of the needs to secure the development and quality of our societies, together with the management of energy resources and scientific and economic development. To achieve these objectives, the activities of the Centre are directed towards leading-edge developments and to promote the learning ability of graduate engineering students with the following specific goals:
  • To promote the exchange of knowledge in the management of technology and innovation, as a way to promote competitive advantages at the corporate level, including advanced technologies for the optimization of industrial processes;
  • To derive science and technology policies and innovation strategies, namely in terms of modern opportunities of knowledge for development, together with environmental protection, rational use of energy, waste management and economic growth.
  • To develop and use advanced techniques for the analysis, monitoring and control of processes at laboratory and industrial scale, the later including technology and risk assessment, together with advanced and strategic technologies with emphasis on turbulent mixing and combustion processes, which have the potential to optimize the environment and the rational use of energy in industry;
In this context, besides the development of basic research in energy and environmental-related processes, the Centre thus undertakes interdisciplinary research involving technology and policy, promoting ways in which industrial development can proceed in a sustainable and socially responsible manner

Overall, we could summarize that the research conducted in recent years at IN+ have allowed to deepen our understanding in range of issues dealing with illities associated with the sustainable development of our societies. The research undertaken have allowed the following main results:
  • Thermofluids, Combustion and Energy Systems: The optimization of -energy processes is accomplished in terms of new research on microscale thermal phenomena, and multiscale transport phenomena in energy systems, including interfacial transport in view of enhanced heat and mass transfer, fuel/liquid atomization, lean-combustion, burning biomass and gun-powder under unsteady combustion.
  • Industrial Ecology and Sustainability: the metabolism of urban areas was further developed and applied to support decision making in energy and waste management networks, including a large network of Asian cities. Ecodesign with natural jute fibre and composite materials was analysed. Carbon sequestration in pastures was established, and contracted on >1% of Portugal.
  • Technology Management and Policy: Technology adjacency through small and micro firms has been shown to determining the way science creates new markets in biotechnology. Entrepreneurial skills impact not only job creation, but also the quality of jobs created, with the more skilled entrepreneurs running larger firms and employing more skilled workers. The size of academic research units associated to individual skills determines the relative specialization of scientific production. Students impact faculty research productivity, while mobility patterns at doctorate and early career stage impact knowledge flows and productivity.
It should also be noted and emphasized that the scientific program and managing structure of IN+ was designed to guarantee a clear leadership aware of the most relevant international scientific trends and of the economic and social importance of science and technology. Sample examples of our international partnerships include:
  • MIT-Portugal Program, through its overall coordination (as by Paulo Ferrão) and an active involvement of researchers in the areas of Sustainable Energy Systems (SES; as coordinated by Paulo Ferrão) and Engineering Design and Advanced Manufacturing (EDAM; as coordinated by Manuel Heitor);
  • Carnegie Mellon Portugal Program, through an active involvement of researchers in the areas of Engineering and Public Policy (EPP; as coordinated by Manuel Heitor);
  • IRGC, International Risk Governance Council, through the coordination of IRGC-Portugal, which involves five Associate Laboratories in Portugal (under the coordination of Manuel Heitor).
Main Achievements for 2012-2013: brief summary
In the area of Industrial Ecology and Sustainability a network of Asian cities metabolism was quantified by modelling their material flows consumption and correlating it with the economic sectors that were responsible for their consumption. It has involved a major contract by the Asian Development Bank in a partnership with the Inter-American Development Bank. A strategic plan for the development of the major cities in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan was also developed, including waste, energy and water dimensions of their metabolism. In addition, at a national level, the group was responsible to coordinate the Portuguese strategy for urban waste management, PERSU 2020.

In the area of Thermofluids, Combustion and Energy Systems experimental techniques were developed to allow characterizing the processes occurring in the region immediately adjacent to the interface between phases. The experiments performed included the measurement of multiphase flow quantities, using Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF), high-speed thermography. In addition, new burners design have been established making use of mathematical models and experimental setups used to evaluate the burning of liquid, gaseous and burning gun-powder under unsteady flow fields. It has involved the design of new burners for water-heater units with Bosch ThermoTecnologia- Portugal.

In the area of Technology Policy and Management a new set of data was explored for the period 1970-2010 in Portugal. It provides a dynamic approach to the cumulative process of building knowledge-based societies. The results show the need to consider the co-evolution of brain gain, brain drain and brain circulation over time and space. In addition, changing patterns of industrial production at a world level have need analysed in terms of shaping factors for technical change and related impacts on skilled employment and advanced training of human resources. Our analysis focus on patterns of knowledge production and diffusion, looking specifically at the role of new technology based firms, towards revisited industrial policies.

2014 External Review and Board

Following previous practice, an overall assessment of the Centre will be conducted in 2014 by the External Review Board, which includes: Rationale for the 2014 IN+ Annual Meeting

The ultimate goal of IN+ is to be actively involved in a new generation of research questions and issues in Engineering Systems through the Associate Laboratory LARSyS. Main issues include the following:

Urban systems: IN+ researchers aim to develop the necessary knowledge base to support a reduction of 20% of the water supply and energy use and to support the transition to a resource efficient economy in urban regions. Lisbon region will be our main case study, but the tools and pilots developed will be able to be replicated elsewhere. The research work includes the following main tasks:
  • Industrial ecology and urban infrastructures at a macro level;
  • Energy in buildings and neighbourhoods, looking at micro level urban studies;
  • Promoting and implementing large-scale concepts oriented towards "smarter citizens";
  • Engineering design for modern equipment, including low-Nox, low-noise Burner developments;
  • Design for uncertainty: dealing with behaviours and communicating risks.
Industrial Production and Innovation: our target is to foster science, technology and industry policies to help increasing significantly the amount of exports of engineering products and services from Portugal in a time horizon of 2020. This will be attempted by deepening the understanding of new science, technology and business dynamics along the full value chain in emerging industry fields, including the following:
  • In the area of aeronautics, we are dealing with innovation dynamics along the full value chain in association with the installation of Embraer in Évora, as well as emerging challenges open to related industries in the area of engineering systems;
  • In the area of ocean exploration, IN+ researchers aim to promote the necessary industrial policies to secure new mineral, hydrocarbon, and offshore energy resources in a way to help maximizing deep-sea exploration. They will facilitate the necessary risk-preventing mechanisms and a web-based Observatory for Oil&Gas Policies in South Atlantic, OIPG;
  • In the biomedical area, our researchers are working on multiscale interfacial transport phenomena to foster the design of new MEMS, targeted to design, build and foster a new generation of diagnostics, as well as in smart regulatory frameworks;
  • In the EU context, IN+ is promoting the network "step4EU" (“Science, Technology, Education and Policy for Europe”), a Europe-wide, research-based, independent network aimed at fostering a new understanding of future policies of science, technology and higher education across Europe, together with new observation activities, “informed participatory debates” and the engagement of scientists in policy action.
To succeed in all the above-mentioned application fields, we need to explore new research methods to help promoting frontiers of knowledge in themes associated with large-scale distributed decision. Our target is to enable new knowledge in network science to undertake core challenges such as distributed optimization and decision-making for large-scale dynamic networks, Big Data processing, and user communities’ representation for pro-social behaviours and actuation upon them

Overall, our researchers at IN+, together with those across LARSyS, aim to contribute towards new frontiers in Engineering Systems, covering social-technical systems, as well as policy research dealing with uncertainty and risk governance.

DAY 1: Individual Meetings with External Review Board:
Jean Pierre Contzen, Mete Sen, César Dopazo, Jussi Valimaa, Gary Rhoades

Monday, June 16
Venue: IN+/IST, Lisbon

9:00 Welcoming Remarks and overall presentation of IN+
  • Manuel Heitor, Hugo Horta, Paulo Ferrão, António Moreira
10:00 Individual discussions: Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Sustainability
  • Paulo Ferrão, Carlos Silva, Samuel Niza, André Pina
  • Tiago Domingos, Tânia Sousa, João Rodrigues, Vânia Proença, Gonçalo Marques, Gabriel Pita, Abel Rodrigues
11:30 Individual discussions: Laboratory of Technology Policy and Management
  • Miguel Amaral, Manuel Heitor, Hugo Horta, Joana Mendonça, Muriel Padua, Miguel Preto
13:00 Lunch with presentations by PhD students
  • António Lorena
  • Anabela Reis
  • Miguel Amador
  • Alessandro Giordano
  • Yangson Kim
  • João Santos
  • Carlos Teixeira
  • Others to be defined...
15:00 Individual discussions: Laboratory of Thermofluids, Combustion and Energy Systems
  • Antonio Luis Moreira, Ana Moita, Vania Silvério, Emanuele Teodori (Multiscale interfacial transport phenomena; surface microstructuring; fuids and flows for smart structures)
  • Teodoro Trindade; José Neves (Flame diagnostics, propagation and control; Flame acoustics)
17:00 closure

20:00 Dinner (Jean Pierre Contzen, Mete Sen, César Dopazo, Jussi Valimaa, Gary Rhoades)

DAY 2: Annual Meeting
Tuesday, June 17; Venue: Casa da Achada, Mouraria

9:00 Introduction, Manuel Heitor
Urban Studies – towards a holistically and integrated approach
  • Urban systems: Overview and methods, Paulo Ferrão
  • Industrial ecology and urban infrastructures, Samuel Niza
  • Energy in buildings and neighbourhoods, Andre Pina
  • Low-Nox, Low-Noise Burner developments: a joint collaborative venture with BOSCH R&D towards smart water heaters, Tomas Lúcio (Master Student) and Edgar Fernandes
Roundtable Discussion: Jean Pierre Contzen, Mete Sen, César Dopazo, Jussi Valimaa, Gary Rhoades

Coffee Break
Urban Studies – towards a holistically and integrated approach (cont.)
  • Accounting for and modelling the biophysical basis of the economy, Tiago Domingos
  • A “five-minute, low-emissions, low-cost mobility pattern for cities?”, João P. Silva
  • Design for uncertainty: Dealing with behaviours and communicating risks to vulnerable communities in urban environments, Farzaneh Eftekhary
Roundtable Discussion: Jean Pierre Contzen, Mete Sen, César Dopazo, Jussi Valimaa, Gary Rhoades

12:30 Lunch

13:30 Industrial Production and Innovation - Studies and Policy Research
  • Science, Technology and Industrial Innovation: studies and policies - Overview, Manuel Heitor
  • Industrialization, geography and policy under increasing uncertainty: looking at Embraer in Évora, Joana Mendonça
  • Promoting capacity for aeronautics: the Program A+ experience, Rui Pimentel
  • Bio-inspired surfaces to enhance heat and mass transfer processes with organic and biological fluids, António Luis Moreira and Ana Moita
  • MNC subsidiary closures: What is the value of employees’ human capital in new jobs?, Miguel Preto
  • Does Habitual Entrepreneurship Matter for Job Creation and Sustainment?, Miguel Amaral
Roundtable Discussion: Jean Pierre Contzen, Mete Sen, César Dopazo, Jussi Valimaa, Gary Rhoades Coffee Break
Research Methods – questioning approaches and future developments
  • What can we learn from life story interviews and ethnographic studies?, Hugo Horta
  • On the limits of energy planning methods?, Andre Pina and Filipa Amorim
  • Designing experiments to understand behaviour issues towards sustainable energy systems?, Carlos Silva and Gonçalo Pereira
  • Designing controlled experiments to deal with uncertainty?, Muriel Pádua and Filipa Madeira
Roundtable Discussion: Jean Pierre Contzen, Mete Sen, César Dopazo, Jussi Valimaa, Gary Rhoades

Closing Speech, “Half a century of IT revolution: the impact on Higher Education and Research”, Jean Pierre Contzen

18:30 Closing notes
  • Paulo Ferrão, Hugo Horta and Manuel Heitor
  • Jean Pierre Contzen, Mete Sen, César Dopazo, Jussi Valimaa, Gary Rhoades
19:00 Enjoy “Paella” for all at Mouraria...

Selected papers to be discussed:

Characterization of Combustion Chemiluminescence: an Image Processing Approach - Teodoro Trindadea, Artur Ferreira, Edgar Fernandes

Chemiluminescence for flame control - António Miguel A. R. Henriques; Edgar C. Fernandes

Environmental, economic and social costs and benefits of a packaging waste management system: A Portuguese case study - Paulo Ferrão, Paulo Ribeiro, João Rodrigues, Alexandra Marques, Miguel Preto, Miguel Amaral, Tiago Domingos, Ana Lopes, Inês Costa

Democratizing Higher Education and Access to Science: The Portuguese Reform 2006–2010 - Manuel Heitor, Hugo Horta

Developing human capital and research capacity: Science policies promoting brain gain - Manuel Heitor, Hugo Horta, Joana Mendonça

Assessment of the theory of comprehensive national accounting with data for Portugal - Rui Pedro Mota, Tiago Domingos

High-resolution modeling framework for planning electricity systems with high penetration of renewables - André Pina, Carlos A. Silva, Paulo Ferrão

Spectrum Analysis of Flames Chemiluminescence - F. Ferro, J. Sanches, E. C. Fernandes

A Bayesian Approach to the Balancing of Statistical Economic Data - João F. D. Rodrigues

Serial entrepreneurship: impact of human capital on time to re-entry - A. Miguel Amaral,Rui Baptista, Francisco Lima

MNC subsidiary closures: What is the value of employees’ human capital in new jobs? - Wolfgang Sofka, Miguel Torres Preto, Pedro de Faria

Characterization of pool boiling mechanisms over micro-patterned surfaces using PIV - E. Teodori, A.S. Moita, A.L.N. Moreira

The methodological illumination of a blind spot: information and communication technology and international research team dynamics in a higher education research program - David M. Hoffman, Brigida Blasi, Bojana Culum, Zarko Dragsic, Amy Ewen, Hugo Horta, Terhi Nokkala, Cecilia Rios-Aguilar


Jean Pierre Contzen, "Half a Century for IT revolution: lesos to learn"