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Thermofluids, Combustion and Energy Systems: The optimization of thermal-engines was accomplished in terms of new research on improved efficiency and the control of pollutants, including fuel/liquid atomization, enhanced heat transfer processes, lean-combustion, burning biomass and gun-powder under unsteady combustion.
Industrial Ecology and Sustainability: the metabolism of urban areas was further developed and applied to support decision making in energy and waste management networks, including a large network of Asian cities. Ecodesign with natural jute fibre and composite materials was analysed. Carbon sequestration in pastures was established, and contracted on >1% of Portugal.
Technology Management and Policy: Technology adjacency through small and micro firms has been shown to determining the way science creates new markets in biotechnology. Entrepreneurial skills impact not only job creation, but also the quality of jobs created, with the more skilled entrepreneurs running larger firms and employing more skilled workers. The size of academic research units associated to individual skills determines the relative specialization of scientific production. Students impact faculty research productivity, while mobility patterns at doctorate and early career stage impact knowledge flows and productivity.